DaSAS researchers develop statistical models for short-term forecasting and incident/anomaly detection in sensor networks, with emphasis in real-time algorithms for vehicular networks. Nonlinear parametric time series models, quantile regression, penalized/shrinkage estimates and regime-switching forecast combination schemes are among the methodologies which are developed in the Lab. Depending on the application, either a frequentist or a Bayesian approach can be implemented.

DaSAS researchers have been involved
in a wide variety of projects related to Biomedical Engineering. Example
applications include: a) predictive models for pediatric heart
transplantation donor-recipient size matching; b) spatial regression
models for the association of thrombus growth with hemodynamic variables
in aneurysms; and c) longitudinal, mixed-effects specifications for the
evaluation of feeding practices for high-risk, very low birthweight
infants.

Fractional land cover mapping is
needed to capture urban fabric and surface materials using satellite
imagery with spatial resolution of the order of 10 m x 10 m. To achieve
robust material base-mapping, the SVM (Support Vector Machine) method
was extended in a way that can be used for both land cover
classification (pixel scale) and spectral un-mixing (sub-pixel scale)
and can combine several different Kernels for individual classes. New
spheroid and ellipsoid Kernels were also developed, which in many cases
work better than the standard Kernels (linear, RBF, polynomial) in Earth
Observation data analysis.

Surface albedo is important because it largely affects the Earth’s energy budget and it is used in a varietyof scientific fields. Satellites like MODIS measure the reflected radiation from the Earth, but daily nadiracquisitions are not enough to estimate the albedo, because of the surface anisotropy. Multi-dateobservations account for the multiple angles. The MODIS bi-directional reflectance products productcontains three-dimensional data sets with parameters to model the directional-hemispherical (black-sky)and bi-hemispherical (white-sky) albedo, which are combined to give the real (blue-sky) albedo. To estimatetrends for a 15-year time series of blue-sky albedo globally, we need to loop over 24 solar zenith angleswithin a day, times 3 billion pixels, times 45 products per year, times 15 years. The Google Earth Engineallows for this kind of Big Data analysis to derive snow-free land surface albedo trends at 500 m x 500 mscale, for any area of the globe.

The land surface temperature (LST) is an important parameter for environmental studies and enables theThe land surface temperature (LST) is an important parameter for environmental studies and enables themonitoring of landscape processes and responses (energy budget, water budget etc.). By taking advantageof the latest cloud computing and database technologies of Google Earth Engine (GEE), it is possible toautomatically access and process Big Data from satellites on the fly. Therefore, by combining thenecessary thermal infrared observations from Landsat 5,7 and 8 satellites for more than 30 years, afteron the fly emissivity and atmospheric corrections, it is possible to instantly provide LST maps, at a spatialresolution of 30 m x 30 m, for any area of interest globally.

DaSAS researchers collaborate with RSLab to construct spatiotemporal statistical models for remotely sensed data. Example applications include: a) data fusion of measurements with different spatial supports to produce maps of pollution (e.g. PM10) or rainfall totals; and b) robust subpixel classification to uncover fractions of soil, vegetation and impervious surfacesrface Temperature within each pixel.

The evaluation of alternative parameterizations of Regional Climate Models and their combination using spatially varying weights are complex tasks that require estimation of space-time models with spatially varying coefficients. DaSAS researchers perform such analyses by combining Moran eigenvector filtering techniques with modern screening algorithms and penalized estimators.

DaSAS researchers develop predictive models for high-frequency emissions rates from field experiments. Such real-life investigations aim to evaluate different types of fuels, filters, engine types etc. The undertaken quantitative analyses are frequently based on parametric, nonlinear time series models, quantile regressions and extreme value theory.

Underwater
measurements of ambient noise are performed at specific areas in the sea. The
data collected are formatted, analyzed, stored and statistically processed. The
data can be used by the proper authorities in the framework of the MFSD (EU
Marine Strategy Framework Directive). On the other hand continuous monitoring
of specific coastal areas, recording the underwater soundscape and providing
real time data is of interest to local authorities and coastal economic
activities.

The
seismological station situated in the premises of IACM-FORTH is monitoring the
seismic activity in the broader area of the Eastern Mediterranean. Seismic data
are collected and analyzed continuously. The station is part of the National
Seismological Network (NSN). Therefore, information about the station and its
operation is available from the World Wide Web. In addition data are being sent
over the network and can be used in conjunction with other stations of the NSN
in order to detect the epicenter and magnitude of earthquakes.