Research & Development Programs

A. Projects in Progress

Coordination of Projects

Title: URBan ANthrpogenic heat FLUX from Earth observation Satellites (2015 - 2017)

Funding Framework: H2020-Space: EO-1-2014 “New ideas for Earth-relevant space application”.

Description: The main goal of the URBANFLUXES project is to investigate the potential of Earth Observation (EO) to retrieve anthropogenic heat fluxes. The main research question addresses whether EO is able to provide reliable estimates of anthropogenic heat flux spatiotemporal distribution, at local and city scales. URBANFLUXES will investigate the potential of EO to retrieve the anthropogenic heat flux, as a key component in the urban energy budget and by developing a method capable of deriving it from space. The objective is to develop a method that could be used operationally in the near future, when observations with adequate temporal resolution become available. URBANFLUXES EO-based approach will be easily transferable to any urban area and capable of providing anthropogenic heat flux benchmark data for different applications, including climate models to assess the implication of the anthropogenic heat on the Earth system; building energy models to characterize buildings-to-atmosphere/soil/water heat exchange pathways; and decision support systems for urban sustainable planning and mapping of emissions related to energy consumption. URBANFLUXES is therefore expected to prepare the ground for further innovative exploitation of European space data in scientific activities (Earth system modelling and climate change studies in cities) and future and emerging applications (sustainable urban planning) by exploiting the improved data quality, coverage and revisit times of the Copernicus Sentinels data. The Copernicus observations have the potential to reveal novel scientific insights, related to monitoring the anthropogenic heat flux in cities, at both local and regional scales, generating new EO opportunities. The URBANFLUXES products will therefore support both sustainable planning strategies to improve the quality of life in cities and Earth system models to provide more robust climate simulations. Read more

B. Completed Projects

Coordination of Projects

Title: ΠΕριβάλλον και ΦΥσικές ΚΑταστροφές: Νέες μέθοδοι για τη μέτρηση και βελτίωση της ποιότητας του περιβάλλοντος και για την αντιμετώπιση φυσικών καταστροφών:URBan Socioeconomic indexes (2013 - 2015)

Funding Framework: ΕΣΠΑ 2007−2013, Πρόγραμμα ΚΡΗΠΙΣ με κωδικό ΟΠΣ 448304 Κωδικός ΠΔΕ «2013ΣΕ01380037» Επιχειρησιακού Προγράμματος Ανταγωνιστικότητα & Επιχειρηματικότητα (ΕΥΔ ΕΠΑΕ)”.

Description: Εκτίμηση δεικτών ποιότητας ζωής σε αστικές περιοχές 1: Προσδιορισμός πηγών δεδομένων και ανάπτυξη βάσης δεδομένων με κοινωνικά, οικονομικά και περιβαλλοντικά δεδομένα 2: Προσδιορισμός δεικτών και εκτίμηση των δεικτών για τις διάφορες περιοχές 3: Στατιστική ανάλυση για την αποτύπωση περιοχών με κοινά χαρακτηριστικά. 4: Ανάλυση της δομής της πόλης και των περιοχών με κοινά χαρακτηριστικά χρησιμο-ποιώντας spatial metrics 5: Ανάπτυξη μαθηματικών/στατιστικών προτύπων (μοντέλων) για την πολεοδομική επέ-κταση της Αθήνας 6: Εκτίμηση περιβαλλοντικών δεικτών με βάση δορυφορικές καταγραφές


Title: ΠΕριβάλλον και ΦΥσικές ΚΑταστροφές: Νέες μέθοδοι για τη μέτρηση και βελτίωση της ποιότητας του περιβάλλοντος και για την αντιμετώπιση φυσικών καταστροφών:Αξιοποίηση δορυφορικών καταγραφών για την αποτύπωση της σωματιδιακής ρύπανσης-ενεργειακό ισοζύγιο (2013 - 2015)

Funding Framework: ΕΣΠΑ 2007−2013, Πρόγραμμα ΚΡΗΠΙΣ με κωδικό ΟΠΣ 448304 Κωδικός ΠΔΕ «2013ΣΕ01380037» Επιχειρησιακού Προγράμματος Ανταγωνιστικότητα & Επιχειρηματικότητα (ΕΥΔ ΕΠΑΕ)”.

Description: Αξιοποίηση δορυφορικών καταγραφών για την αποτύπωση της σωματιδιακής ρύπανσης, και παραμέτρων του ενεργειακού ισοζυγίου σε αστικές περιοχές 1. Αποτύπωση σωματιδιακής ρύπανσης με χρήση δορυφορικής τηλεπισκόπησης. 2. Βελτίωση της ακρίβειας εκτίμησης του πεδίου ακτινοβολίας και των τυρβωδών ροών αισθητής και λανθάνουσας θερμότητας σε αστικό περιβάλλον με βάση δορυφορικές καταγραφές 3. Δυναμικό των επικείμενων δορυφορικών αποστολών σε περιπτώσεις φυσικών καταστροφών


Title: Earth Observation in sUstainable uRBan plAnning & maNagement (2012 - 2013)

Funding Framework: FP7 - ERA.Net-RUS

Description: The increasing availability of Earth Observation (EO) technologies has provided new opportunities for a wide range of urban applications, such as mapping and monitoring of the urban environment, socio-economic estimations, characterization of urban climate, analysis of regional and global impacts and urban security and emergency preparedness. However, a gap exists between the research-focused results offered by the urban EO community and the application of these data and products by urban planners and decision makers. The main objective of the GEOURBAN project is to bridge the gap between EO scientists and urban planners by demonstrating the ability of current and future EO systems to depict parameters of urban structure and urban environmental quality over large areas at detailed level. GEOURBAN will also develop a web-based information system which will have the potential to support urban planning and management by providing a set of EO-based indicators easily transferable to any city and understood and by a non-experts. Three cities with different typologies and planning perspectives are included as case studies: Tyumen (Russia), Tel-Aviv (Israel) and Basel (Switzerland). The adaptation of the system to future missions will be addressed, therefore it is expected that a fully operational tool can be developed in the future.


Title: PRotOtyping the Retrievals of Energy fluxes and Soil Surface moIsture (2011 - 2013)

Funding Framework: European Space Agency (ESA)Support to Science Element (STSE) initiative

Description: Understanding Earth system natural processes, as well as the interactions of Earth system components with anthropogenic activities - particularly so in the context of global climate change - has been recognised by the global scientific community as a very urgent and important research direction requiring attention for further investigation. In this framework, being able to accurately and systematically estimate parameters such as the fluxes of heat (H) and moisture (LE) (so-called sensible and latent heat fluxes respectively) as well as of the soil surface water content (Mo) is of great importance, given their connection to many physical processes of diverse Earth system components. Yet, at present global operational mapping of those parameters from remote sensing instruments is lacking or is underdeveloped, whereas generally estimation methods of those parameters by remote sensing is done in quite diverse, unconnected ways. PROgRESSIon aims to develop a series of prototype products concerning the estimation of LE/H fluxes and Mo by exploiting remote sensing radiometers from ESA-funded or co-funded missions based on a Ts/VI scatterplot based-method concept. The specific objectives of PROgRESSIon are to: 1). Develop a series of prototype products for the operational retrieval of LE/H fluxes and of Mo from the Advanced along Track Scanning radiometer (AATSR) radiometer, 2). Develop a prototype algorithm for the improved Mo estimates from Microwave Imagine Radiometer using Aperture Synthesis (MIRAS) of Soil Moisture and Ocean salinity (SMOS) mission operational product, based on its synergy with the Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) radiometer of Meteosat Second Generation (MSG-2) platform and 3). Appraise the added-value of Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) observations, and of the Mo enhanced prototype algorithm of objective 2, to the retrievals of the prototype products from AATSR which will be obtained from objective 1. Deliverables from PROGRESSION, between other, will complement other analogous activities currently undertaken by the Agency and worldwide, whereas the knowledge that will be gained will have the potential to also be used in extending the methods developed to future satellite missions planned by the Agency. Read more


Title: Sustainable urban planning decision support accounting for urban metabolism (2008 - 2011)

Funding Framework: 7th FWP

Description: Like any living system, urban communities consume material and energy inputs, process them into usable forms, and eliminate the wastes from the process. This can be seen as "metabolism" of industry, commerce, municipal operations, and households. Understanding the pattern of these energy and material flows through a community's economy provides a systemic reading of the present situation for goal and objective setting and development of indicators for sustainability. At present, planning policies often reflect the logic of the market. They would better reflect a vision of urban development, in which environmental and social considerations are fully embedded in spatial planning policies at all steps of the policy cycle from problem identification and policy design through to the implementation and ex-post evaluation stages. Therefore, the widespread inclusion of sustainability objectives in urban planning at all scales (from regional to site level) is necessary, providing the opportunity for the incorporation of bio-physical sciences knowledge into the planning process on a routine basis. To this end, the proposed project BRIDGE (sustainaBle uRban plannIng Decision support accountinG for urban mEtabolism) aims at bridging the gap between bio-physical sciences and urban planners and to illustrate the advantages of accounting for environmental issues on a routine basis in design decisions. BRIDGE will provide the means to quantitative estimate the various components of the urban metabolism (observation of physical flows and modelling), the means for quantitative estimate their impacts (socio-economic and environmental impact assessments and indicators), as well as the means for resource optimisation in urban fabric (support the decision making in urban planning). BRIDGE will focus on the interrelation between energy and material flows and urban structure.

Coast Atlas

Title: Development and pilot application of an integrated information system based on GIS technology to support coastal zone management (2006 - 2008)

Funding Framework: 3rd European Support Framework 2000-2006, ROP of CRETE, measure: 1.2, action 1.2.1

Description: The objective of this project was to develop an information system suitable for supporting integrated coastal management in the northern coast of the Prefecture of Herakleion. The pilot system developed, has the form of an on-line digital web-Atlas and permits end users to recover data and thematic information that they seek in an easy way. The system is based on the technology of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and its structure is compatible with the INSPIRE European Directive. More specifically, a three-level architecture has been adopted: At the lower level reside the data bases in vector or raster form; in the intermediate level the services that ensure the accessibility to the lower level data repositories are assembled (WMS, WFS, WCS, Catalog Server). Finally, in the higher level the users and the applications are found. Access to the geo-spatial content could be achieved either by local GIS applications or by equivalent web-based applications Pilot web site


Title: Regional Innovation Pole of Crete (action A10) (2006 - 2008)

Funding Framework: 3rd European Support Framework 2000-2006, Ministry of Developement

Description: The Pole develops a range of activities with the aim to reinforce the technological – innovative performances at a regional level on the one hand, and on the other, to diffuse new technology and innovation into all fields of the social and economic activity throughout Crete.·The Innovation Pole of Crete focuses its activities on the following scientific/ technological areas in which Crete has a comparative advantage due to the significant performances of the scientific community:.


Title: Adjustment of aTMospheric cOrrection methods for local Studies: Application in ASTER data for the area of Crete (2006 - 2008)

Funding Framework: General Secretariat for Research and Technology

Description: ATMOSAT is a joint effort of FORTH, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (USA), SAGA University (Japan), University of the Aegean and PLANO S.A., aiming at providing an adjusted atmospheric correction method for the area of Crete, capable of being used in local studies. Several atmospheric correction models will be tested using ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) multispectral data in combination with low resolution (MODIS: Moderate resolution Imaging Spectrometer and AVHRR: Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) satellite data, radiosonde data, in-situ meteorological observations, land cover and elevation data. 2D image-based atmospheric correction methods, as well as 2D and 3D atmospheric correction models that use independent data for atmospheric conditions will be used in ATMOSAT. Databases of spatial-temporal distributions of all required input parameters (atmospheric humidity, aerosols, land cover and elevation) will be developed for the area of Crete and time dependent means and statistical forecasting probabilities for the atmospheric parameters will be defined. Using these databases the different atmospheric correction methods mentioned above will be calibrated and their results will be compared. The method that will give the more satisfying results will be adjusted for the area of Crete. Following it will be applied to ASTER multispecral data and results will be validated by comparison with ASTER Higher-Level products. ATMOSAT also aims at assessing the effects of atmospheric correction on land cover classification and change detection. For this reason classification and change detection methods will be applied to atmospheric corrected and non-atmospheric corrected ASTER data to produce multitemporal land cover maps for Crete and to monitor seasonal and annual changes in land cover


Title: Study on the spatial-temporal distribution of atmospheric water content with the combined use of satellite remote sensing and non-linear science (2005 - 2007)

Funding Framework: General Secretariat for Research and Technology

Description: PRECIPITABLE WATER is a joint effort of FORTH, Chengdu University of Information Technology (China) and InfoCharta Ltd. aiming at providing accurate Precipitable Water (PW) spatial distribution maps over Greece, capable of being used in regional and local studies. PRECIPITABLE WATER is also aiming at providing an integrated mathematical model and method for analysis of the spatial-temporal distribution of PW and its evolution characteristics relevant to different weather and climate events. In particular, PW will be derived using thermal infrared records of AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) onboard NOAA satellites and MVISR (Multichannel Visible and Infrared Scan Radiometer) onboard the Chinese Feng Yun - 1 satellites. FORTH satellite receiving station will provide AVHRR and MVISR data. A split window algorithm will be adjusted for the area of Greece in order to estimate PW spatial distribution. PW data derived from MODIS (Moderate resolution Imaging Spectrometer) Atmospheric Product and radiosonde measurements will be used for algorithm calibration and validation. The adjusted algorithm will be applied to all AVHRR and MVISR data and a database containing the PW spatial distribution maps over Greece will be developed. Following, information theory, fractal and neural network methods will be used to study the spatial-temporal distribution of PW using the aforementioned database, detecting also potential irregularities and contributing in this way to climate research.


Title: Use of a satellite ground receiving station for the detection and monitoring of fires and plumes caused by major natural and man-made disasters (2005 - 2007)

Funding Framework: General Secretariat for Research and Technology

Description: PLUMESAT is a joint effort of FORTH, INRIA (Ιnstitut Νational de Ρecherche en Ιnformatique et en Αutomatique) and InfoCharta Ltd. aiming at developing an advanced model for fire and plume detection and monitoring using AVHRR and MVISR imagery, applied to both natural and technological disasters. This model will exploit the recent advances in multiscale analysis for complex signals, used in combination with multifractal models used in physics, can give new insights to the analysis of turbulent data. INRIA has developed image analysis techniques, which result in better determination of important characteristics associated to turbulence in earth observation satellite image sequences, and particularly for images displaying thermodynamic variables like temperature in the atmosphere. Within the framework of the project, FORTH’s fire and plume detection algorithms will be combined with the techniques developed by INRIA for the case of plumes caused by natural or man-made disasters. In this way, the dynamics of plume-atmosphere system will be taken into account in PLUMESAT analysis and quantitative results are expected. The required satellite data will be provided by FORTH satellite ground receiving station. Finally, software modules based on the aforementioned model will be developed and integrated to the FORTH station’s system.


Title: REmote sensing Application for Land cover and Digital Elevation Models Service (2004 - 2006)

Funding Framework: General Secretariat for Research and Technology

Description: REALDEMS is a joint effort of FORTH/IACM, NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory, University of the Aegean and PLANO S.A., aiming at providing accurate Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) and Land Cover maps for Crete and Mytiline islands, capable of being used in local studies. Multipsectral data and stereo pairs from ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) on board Terra satellite will be used in combination with Global Positioning System (GPS) data and field observations. For what concerns DEM production, the ASTER method (along-track stereoscopy with images from the same orbit using fore and aft images) gives a strong advantage in terms of radiometric variations versus the multi-date stereo-data acquisition with across-track stereo, which can then compensate for the weaker stereo geometry. The potential accuracy for the along-track stereo derived DEM from ASTER, could be better than 15 meters. Validation of results will take place in case studies in selected application sites, where the produced DEM and Land Cover will be used for GIS-based watershed characterization. This application has been selected because of the great importance of water resources for Greek islands. Thus, REALDEMS also aims at introducing satellite remote sensing data and methodologies in support of local level watershed management.


Title: Extension of the GIS system of the Athens Urban Transport Organization (2003 - 2004)

Funding Framework: OASA, Greece

Description: The Athens Urban Transport Organisation (OASA) is responsible for the planning, control and coordination of all public transport modes in the Greater Athens area (buses, trolley buses, metro). The objective of this contract awarded by OASA to FORTH was to extend the GIS system of the Organization by developing additional layers of information and introducing new GIS capabilities. As part of the project FORTH researchers were responsible for developing a GIS database that included all public buses, all bus stops and various other databases pertinent to the operation of the GIS system of the Organization. A new base map that included all streets of the Attica region was licensed from InfoCharta SA and installed. Several scripts were developed in Mapinfo™ for automating the maintenance of the various databases. Additionally, the TransCAD™ software was installed and all GIS layers were translated in formats suitable for TransCAD (route systems etc.) so that subsequently modeling routines could be applied


Title: Development of a GIS-based application to support the General Secretariat for the Olympic Games 2004 in monitoring the economic process of Olympic Works (2003 - 2004)

Funding Framework: Ministry of Culture, General Secretariat for the Olympic Games 2004

Description: The objective of the GGOA-GIS project is the development of a GIS-based application to support the General Secretariat for the Olympic Games 2004 in monitoring the economic process of Olympic Works. The final GGOA-GIS user will be able to set up queries for the automatic searching a geographic database containing information about the construction phase and the economic process of any single Olympic Work in any Municipality of Greece, or of any aggregation of Olympic Works over an area of interest. The user will also able to produce thematic maps and comparative tables and graphs, to produce special reports and printouts, as well as to update the database using a friendly graphical user interface. The GGOA-GIS project is a joint effort of FORTH/IACM and University of Athens


Title: Reconstruction and Enrichment of the Official Web Site of the International Olympic Academy (2002 - 2003)

Funding Framework: Ministry of Culture, General Secretariat for the Olympic Games 2004

Description: BLUE BOOKS project is oriented towards the reconstruction and enrichment of the official web site of the International Olympic Academy (I. O. A.), the digitization of the Blue Books (International Sessions for Young Participants) of the years 1961 - 2001 and of the Reports (Reports on Special Sessions and Seminars) of the years 1997 - 2001, the electronic publishing of these books in CD-ROM, the development of an interactive database in I.O.A's web site containing the digitized material, the support of operation of the official web site of the General Secretariat for the Olympic Games 2004, as well as the production of special reports on Olympic Issues. BLUE BOOKS project is a joint effort of FORTH, Knowledge Systems A.E. and Infocharta L.t.d. FORTH is charged with the reconstruction of I.O.A's web site, including the development of the interactive database, as well as with the electronic publishing of all books in CD-ROM.


Title: Development of a health map for Greece and web site (2001 - 2002)

Funding Framework: Ministry of Health, Greece

Description: The objective of this is to develop a GIS system that could be used by the regional health districts for planning and decision making. The system will include information on the supply of health facilities, as well as, various demographic and other health related variables and indicators. Users will be able to query the system and display the results in maps, and tables. As part of the same project IACM will develop for the Ministry a web site that will display on maps the location of all health facilities and will permit users to query the system to find the closest facility etc.


Title: Data fusion for flood analysis and decision support (2000 - 2003)

Funding Framework: IST Program, EU, DG-XIII

Description: The objective of this project is to set up a decision support system for river flood prevention and protection. The system will integrate advanced techniques in data management, remote sensing, GIS and numerical modeling. It could be used to perform flood simulation, that is given a scenario of rainfall and topography of an area simulate water flow propagation, and permit users to estimate the impact of adding/removing dikes and assessing flood damage. The complete system will be applied in three pilot areas, the Vah river in Slovakia, the Loire in France, and the Jing Jang Reach in the Yangtze river in China. This is the first joint research project between EU and the People's Republic of China. IACM's researchers are responsible for developing the GIS system in collaboration with local organizations and integrating the GIS with the numerical models. Additionally, Dr. Prastacos of IACM is scientific coordinator of the complete project.

Participation in Projects

Title: «ΠΟΛΙτισμός-ΤΕχνολογΙΑ, Νέες Τεχνολογίες στην Έρευνα, Μελέτη, Τεκμηρίωση και Πρόσβαση στην Πληροφορία Αντικειμένων Πολιτισμικής Κληρονομιάς και Μνημείων»:η οδηγία INSPIRE και οι εφαρμογές της σε θέματα πολιτιστικής κληρονομιάς (2013 - 2015)

Funding Framework: ΕΣΠΑ 2007−2013, Πρόγραμμα ΚΡΗΠΙΣ Επιχειρησιακού Προγράμματος Ανταγωνιστικότητα & Επιχειρηματικότητα (ΕΥΔ ΕΠΑΕ)”.

Description: Εθνική υποδομή χωρικών δεδομένων, αρχαιολογικοί χώροι, μουσεία , και άλλοι χώροι πολιτισμού, η οδηγία INSPIRE και οι εφαρμογές της σε θέματα πολιτιστικής κληρονομιάς Δορυφορικές εικόνες και τεκμηρίωση αυτών, μεταδεδομένα γεωγραφικής τεκμηρίωσης δημιουργία συμβατών σχημάτων δεδομένων για χωρικά δεδομένα, συμμετοχή στην δημιουργία του οδηγού καλής πρακτικής


Title: Floods and Fire Risk assessment and management (2012 - 2015)

Funding Framework: DG ENV LIFE+ (Environmental Policy & Governance) FLIRE project is co-financed by LIFE financial instrument of the European Union

Description: The aim of the LIFE + Environmental Policy & Governance FLIRE Project is the combined, effective and robust risk assessment and management of both flash floods and forest fires, using state of art tools, technologies and methods and taking into account prevention, adaptation and interaction issues. The area of application of this approach is a typically Mediterranean peri-urban area in Eastern Attica region (Greece) that extends over approximately 200 km2. This area underwent rapid and uncontrolled urbanization during the last decades and is particularly prone both to flash floods and forest fires resulting in its gradual but dire ecological degradation. The main objectives of the LIFE + ENV FLIRE Project include: - The development of a Weather Information Management Tool (WIMT) that will receive short-term weather forecasting information and will dynamically take into account local conditions to classify weather conditions as of potential risk for floods or fires. - The development of a near real-time flood risk assessment and management tool which will include a catchment modelling component, an urban modelling component and an Early Flood Warning System. This tool will receive the flood risk information from the WIMT and activate, if necessary, the corresponding Early Warning System (EWS). - The development of a near real-time forest fire risk assessment and management tool which will include a fire modelling component and an Early Fire Warning System. It will receive forest fire risk information and similarly to the near real-time flood risk management tool will activate, if necessary, the corresponding EWS. - The development of a planning tool for flood risk assessment and management which will use the catchment modelling and urban modelling components of the near real-time flood management tool and further integrate an urban development modelling component and an optimization algorithm for flood risk management. - The integration of these components into a common system (a Decision Support System Tool (DSS Tool)), supporting decisions for integrated flood and forest fire management. - The implementation and testing of the system in Eastern Attica. - The extraction of transferable lessons to ensure the project’s uptake in other similar regions. Read more


Title: Sustainable urban metabolism for Europe (2008 - 2011)

Funding Framework: 7th FWP - Environment

Description: Societies in their urban (and also non-urban) segments, are extracting materials and energy from their natural environment, processing these flows, eventually accumulating portions of them as stocks and, in the end, deleting them into the environment as wastes, emissions or deliberate discharges. Urban settlements cities are a specific type of stocks in the metabolism of societies, and the way these cities are being built and operated has a substantial influence on the quantities and qualities of material and energy flows needed to sustain their existence. In SUME, the urban metabolism shall be understood as a metaphor for our societies way of dealing with its natural environment. With global climate change, limited resources and sources of energy, the question of how a healthy level of metabolic exchange with the environment can be achieved is gaining a dramatic new actuality. It is the question of how existing urban areas shall be transformed and new cities or expansions should be planned to be researched in SUME with a truly comprehensive approach


Title: LocatIon bAsed servIceS for the enhancement of wOrking enviroNment (2004 - 2006)

Funding Framework: IST Program, EU

Description: In the emergent field of location-based services LIAISON (LocatIon bAsed servIceS for the enhancement of wOrking environment) is the first European research project that will attempt the integration of the various location technologies over different communication networks. It aims to provide seamless solutions working both indoors and outdoors and addressing primarily the needs of the mobile worker. Solutions will be tested by the following groups of professional on the field: lone worker on assignment, waste collectors, taxi drivers, police, e-maintenance crews, fire brigades. As a whole, the system will benefit both the worker's safety and security and the base office's planning and coordination. The software side of the project will utilize techniques from GIS, advanced digital mapping, location and routing algorithms, while on the hardware side the European dimension is consolidated by exploiting the availability of EGNOS and ultimately of GALILEO


Title: A Satellite Technique for Estimating Rainfall over Mediterranean (2004 - 2006)

Funding Framework: General Secretariat for Research and Technology

Description: SATERM is a joint effort of FORTH/IACM, University of the Aegean, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center and Virtual Trip Ltd., aiming at developing and testing of a satellite infrared technique calibrated by microwave satellite data for estimating rainfall over Mediterranean in general and Greece in particular. The main objective of the proposal is the application of the technique in studying heavy precipitation events as well as spatial characteristics of rainfall over the area of interest. SATERM ultimately intends to introduce and diffuse in the Greek scientific community the know-how in advanced satellite techniques for the estimation of precipitation, which could prove useful in flood nowcasting and climatological analysis. The project is expected to result in the transfer of know-how as well as in the development of a product for real-time monitoring and climatic analysis of rainfall in Mediterranean. In particular, it is expected to result in: a) Implementation and testing of a method, used in global scale over the tropics and subtropics by NASA scientists, in the conditions of a regional scale area. b) Monitoring and studying the spatial distribution of rainfall over an area with a paucity of reporting rainfall stations. c) Studying and monitoring, in real-time mode, heavy precipitation events


Title: An efficient GIS tool oriented to meeting the objectives of the European Directive on the Assessment and Management of Environmental Noise (2003 - 2005)

Funding Framework: LIFE Program, EU

Description: GipSyNoise project is oriented towards the forthcoming needs of decision-makers in charge of applying the EU Directive on the Assessment and Management of Environmental Noise (DAMEN). The overall objective of the GipSyNoise project is to develop a GIS based decision support tool that can be used for noise mapping in urban areas and also provide dose/effect and annoyance indicators. It will integrate noise propagation models, for road traffic, railway, industrial and airplanes noise with various GIS databases. All the technical and scientific requirements for environmental noise management, including socio-economic and legislative aspects will be assessed. The end product of the project will be an integrated information system that will provide adequate tools in a common software platform, built up on a GIS basis for providing the decision makers with an immediate identification of potential problems locations and with simulation capability for the evaluation of the positive impact of possible solutions, as well as for proposing an efficient help in the decision process related to the application of the DAMEN, with regards to noise existing situations, action plans and communication. The open architecture of the system will allow future connection to traffic and air pollution management tools, thus reinforcing its potential range of application and interest at different levels of city management. The system will be applied in 12 European cities. FORTH's researchers are responsible for the design of the complete system, whereas MetraVib SA, France will provide the various noise propagation models.


Title: Telematics Network development for Entrepreneurial Support Structures integration in Crete (2002 - 2003)

Funding Framework: Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs

Description: FORTH participated in the Integrated Action “Open Pathways for Developing a Social Economy”, in the EU Program EQUAL. The goal of the action was to increase in the regions of Crete and Magnesia the employment opportunities of socially vulnerable groups, that is young people, low professionally qualified women and disabled. This to be accomplished by providing incentives that could lead to the creation of social enterprises with the participation of these groups, private companies and local authorities. ·FORTH’s involvement focused on the design and development of all informatics infrastructure used in the project. This included the design of various information systems that would permit people in the target group to find a job, companies to post employment opportunities, databases with all social organizations in the two regions, bulletin boards with news etc. All information systems were integrated in a web site, ( ) to provide access to these tools and also to disseminate the results of the project


Title: Euro-Mediterranean Public Health Information System (2002 - 2005)

Funding Framework: EUMEDIS Program, EU

Description: The EMPHIS project includes partners from several Arab and European countries and its objective is to use information technology to address issues related to three infectious diseases, namely, leishmaniasis (ZCL), tuberculosis (TB) and nosocomial infections (NI). FORTH is involved on the application for ZCL and for TB. In the ZCL application the goal is to set up an SDSS consisting of a GIS and statistical models of the spread of the disease that can be used for monitoring and control, risk assessment, early warning, as well as safe land use and tourism planning. The system will be applied in Tunisia and Jordan. In the TB application the objective is to set up a multiplayer system in order to diagnose, report, treat and follow-up TB patients. The system will be applied in Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco


Title: Water Supply Watershed Planning and Management: An Integrated Approach (2001 - 2004)

Funding Framework: INCO MED II, EU

Description: The overall objective of the WADI project is to develop a Decision Support System concept for rational planning, operation and management of watersheds characterized by water scarcity and lack of groundwater resources. All the technical and scientific requirements for watershed planning and management, including social and legislative aspects, as well as, environmental constraints for sustainable development will be assessed. The end product of the project will be an integrated information system that can be used by engineers and decision makers for computer assisted watershed planning and management in order to meet water demand needs. The system will include tools for processing data and handle all other computational aspects through mathematical models, optimization schemes and visualization through GIS techniques and viewer tools. The system will be applied in two pilot sites in Lebanon and in Morocco. FORTH's researchers are responsible for the design of the various GIS systems and the integration of the systems with the mathematical models.


Title: Actions on the integration of Rural Transport Services (2001 - 2004)

Funding Framework: GROWTH, DGTrEn, EU

Description: ARTS is a continuation of the VIRGIL project and is funded within the 5th Framework Programme by DGTrEn and addresses the Task "Integrated mobility services in low-density rural areas". It is a demonstration project with the main goal to test and demonstrate the effective provision of innovative transport services in the rural environment. It will identify the barriers that may inhibit the development of such services and will provide possible ways of overcoming them. 10 Demonstration cases will be developed in 8 EU and 1 Accession country (Hungary). All Demonstration actions will be carried out with the support of local partners including Transport Operators, Local and Regional Governments and User Groups IACM local partner in ARTS is the Prefecture of Heraklion and the Demonstration involves 8 Municipalities of the Messara area offering new and innovative services to local residents. The project will benefit the European rural transportation development by ensuring the transferability of results through detail evaluation of the Demonstrations. The results will be disseminated throughout EU countries and particular East European countries through a dissemination plan


Title: Development of an online system for demographic data of Greece (2000 - 2001)

Funding Framework: Ministry of Development, National Secretariat for R&D

Description: The objective of this project carried out by the U. of Volos, TEI of Athens and FORTH is to develop a web site with all available demographic data for Greece. Users of the site will be able to search the databases, display tables and also produce dynamic thematic maps. IACM�s researchers are responsible for the development of the web site using the �Gaea� map server, whereas the other two collaborating partners will provide the content to be included. A first version of the site is available at


Title: Development of an advanced traveler's information system for the municipality of Chania (2000 - 2003)

Funding Framework: IST Program, EU, DG-XIII

Description: The objective of this project is to develop an advanced travelers information system for the municipality of Chania. A web site will be implemented that will display the map of the municipality, traffic in the main streets, the bus network and other facilities of the city. Users; will be able to query the system to find addresses, and points of interest and will be able to estimate shortest path between any two points. The traffic will be displayed in real time through a connection of the site to the Siemens MIGRA traffic management system already installed in Chania. .IACMs researchers, acting as subcontractors to the Polytechnic School of Chania are responsible for developing the whole site using the Gaea map server.


Title: Verifying and Strengthening Rural Access to Transport Services (1998 - 2000)

Funding Framework: IST Program, EU, DG VII - DG-XIII

Description: VIRGIL is a research project funded by DG VII DG XII within the 4th Framework Program, specifically the Research for Sustainable Mobility programme and addresses the problems of transportation in rural areas. The operational conditions of rural transport and the problems involved were analysed in 11 European countries and the A database of bibliography of unique solutions was created. The economic problems faced by transportation of persons and goods in rural areas demand better use of money spent, utilization of all resources and development of new approaches. Solutions that were studied include: Demand responsive services, integration of good and passengers transport, integration within multi-purpose services, integration of special services across agencies and use of telematics. Project results include the identification of key stakeholders and formulation of new research ideas on rural transport


Title: A data management and visualization system for supporting coastal zone management for the Mediterranean sea (1998 - 2000)

Funding Framework: Telematics Program, EU, DG-XIII

Description: The THETIS system seeked to address the frequent requirement of scientists, engineers and decision-makers to access, process and subsequently visualize data related to coastal areas that are collected and stored in different formats and held at different locations. The objective of the THETIS project was to build an advanced integrated interoperable system for transparent access and visualization of data repositories, via the Internet and the Web. The system developed is a working prototype, which demonstrates its ability to respond to users such as scientists and local authorities that use scientific information for decision making. IACM�s researchers were responsible for implementing the GIS component of the system using the �Gaea� map server.